ISR – Torre Norte, IST Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Thematic Area A: Technologies for Ocean Exploration 5
1 - Summary of activities 5
2 - Indicators 5
3 - Publications in 2004 6
4 - Presentations and Posters 10
Thematic Area B: Robotic Monitoring and Surveillance 16
1 – Summary of activities 16
2 – Indicators 16
3 – Publications 16
Thematic Area C: Sustainable Technologies and Environmental Systems 24
1 – Summary of activities 24
2 – Indicators 24
3 – Publications in 2004 25
Thematic Area D: Signal Processing in Communication Networks and Multimedia 31
1- Summary of activities 31
2- Indicators 32
3- Publications 32
ISR-Lisbon, together with three other partners research institutions, IN+, IMAR-Azores and Creminer, were awarded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, the status of Associate Laboratory (AL) starting January 2002. This status was awarded by a period of 10 years with a mid term external evaluation, in recognition of the high scientific merit of the institution (and its partner institutions) according to external international and independent evaluations, and on the basis of the proven capacity for cooperating, on a steady, competent and efficient form, in the implementation of the specific objectives of the national scientific and technological policies.
2004 was the third year of activities of the Associate Laboratory ISR-Lisbon and work has been done in cooperation by the four research units that integrate the Associate Laboratory. The main indicators that reflect the activities of the four thematic areas are listed in the table.
As a result of the overall activity, 20 M.Sc. and 7 Ph.D. theses were concluded, 8 books were edited, 12 papers where published in books, 65 papers were published in well known international journals, and 115 papers presented at prestigious international conferences. Moreover, a large number of international events was organized.
During 2004, the results of a re-equipment program launched by the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT) in 2002, were announced. Two projects submitted in the frame of the Associate Laboratory were approved: Science and Technology for Ocean Exploration: Towards the Development of an Environment Observatory in the Azores and Networks of Autonomous Systems for Monitoring, Mapping and Surveillance
The funding and management problems, reported in 2002 and 2003, were not fully solved, and proceed in 2004. Besides the absence of any predictability on the time schedule for receiving funds, FCT required the Associate Laboratory, in November 2004, to produce a new budget distribution for the triennium 2004-2006, with the constraint of having an annual distribution of 25%, 37,5% and 37,5%, irrespectively of the Associate Laboratory work plan, the existing hiring/grant commitments (PhD grants, Pots-Doc, PhD researchers) or future contracting plans. Based on this distribution, the programmatic funds considered by FCT to the Associate Laboratory are the following:
Programmatic funds re-contracted with FCT (Nov.04)
1 414 390.00
1 041 000.00
1 564 094
1 564 094
Programmatic funds transferred by FCT and correspondent dates
1 213 058,41
70% received after Oct., and 23% received after 15.Dec
(table updated after the end of 2005)
Even though the total funds received in 2004 could only partially compensated for the executed expenses in 2003 and 2004, 70% of the amount received in 2004 was only transferred in the third trimester of the year and 23% reached us in the last days of the year. The promised normalization, by the FCT, of the fulfillment of the contract with the Associate Laboratory, did not continue in 2005, when only 20% of the contract budget was received.
This process severe the institutional trust required for medium and long term commitments regarding hiring human resources. In fact, only one researcher with PhD had been contracted for a three year period starting in March 2003. Given the apparent normalization of the situation by the end of 2004, international calls for positions were opened for researchers with PhD and this will have effects in 2005.
Despite the abnormal situation, the direction and the thematic areas managers have encouraged young researchers to keep their enthusiasm and energy focused on the research activities. The activities reported ahead are the result of this institutional culture and effort.
However, renewal of research students is showing now to be more difficult not only because the institutions are not in a position to offer grants, but also because students are aware of the instability the scientific research institutions are going through.
This Activities Report provides a summary of the research activity of faculty and research students developed during 2004, along the four Thematic Areas:
A – Technologies for Ocean Exploration
B – Monitoring and Surveillance using Robotic Agents
C – Sustainable technologies and Environmental Systems
D – Signal Processing for Communications Networks and Multimedia